UPDATE: How the United Nations and Palestinian Leadership have been Disrupting the Israel-Palestine Peace Process for Years – And What the ACLJ Is Doing About It
Believe it or not, the Presidency of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) changes each month, rotating among the 15 States that constitute the Security Council. For the last several years, through our international affiliate, the European Centre for Law & Justice (ECLJ), we have sent a letter each month to the incoming UNSC President explaining the problems associated with the attempt by Palestinian leaders to obtain U.N. recognition of a Palestinian state.
Our most recent letter was just sent to Ambassador Francisco Cortorreal, who is the Permanent Representative of the Dominican Republic to the U.N. He is the UNSC President for the month of April.
Because five new States join the UNSC every calendar year to replace five States that leave the UNSC, the new States have to be educated about certain issues, like the ongoing attempts of the so-called “State of Palestine” to convince the UNSC to compel Israel to accept Palestinian statehood on the Palestinian Authority’s terms. They need to know that while Israel has made numerous reasonable (and many would even say generous) offers to Palestinian leaders for peace and a two–state solution, Palestinian leaders continue to thwart Israel’s good–faith efforts.
Not surprisingly, the U.N., an organization notorious for its anti-Israel bias, has fully supported these unsettling Palestinian tactics.
As we explained in our letter to Ambassador Cortorreal:
[O]n 29 November 2012, the UN General Assembly (GA) agreed to change the Palestinian Authority’s (PA) status at the UN from an “Entity” enjoying Observer status to that of a “Non-member State” with Observer status. It is important to understand that the GA’s actions did not—indeed, could not—create a Palestinian State. Moreover, despite the status change decision (and a more recent move at the UN to treat Palestine as a “State”), the reality of Palestinian “statehood” is belied by the fact that Palestine does not meet the customary international law requirements for statehood, nor does any UN entity possess the authority to create a state where one does not otherwise exist.
Previously, on 23 September 2011, officials from the Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO) submitted their application to the United Nations seeking UN membership of an Arab Palestinian State in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. To date, there have not been nine affirmative votes in the Security Council to admit such a “state”, the number required by Article 27(2) of the UN Charter.*****
[And] in the 1990s, the PLO consented to negotiate with the State of Israel with the aim of resolving the disagreements between them. The various agreements between the State of Israel and the PLO / PA were negotiated and concluded under the auspices of the international community. Specifically, in the Interim Agreements, the PLO agreed to refrain from acts intended to change the status of the territories outside of peace talks. The Palestinians’ attempt to forego such negotiations by appealing directly to the UN constitutes a material breach of prior Israeli-Palestinian agreements and subverts the international rule of law. It also indicates that Palestinian agreements cannot be relied upon—Palestinian officials readily breach their word when it suits their purposes.
In our letter, we also pointed out that,
the UN does not officially recognise states or declare statehood; such actions are the responsibility of individual governments:
The recognition of a new State or Government is an act that only other States and Governments may grant or withhold. It generally implies readiness to assume diplomatic relations. The United Nations is neither a State nor a Government, and therefore does not possess any authority to recognize either a State or a Government.
In light of the fact that no UN agency has authority to recognise or declare statehood, the November 2012 General Assembly decision to change the status of the PA at the UN from “Entity” with observer status to “Non-member State” with observer status is solely an internal administrative change for the UN and its agencies. It does nothing to change the actual status of the PA in fact.
To demonstrate further the true nature of the ongoing “negotiations” between Israel and the Palestinians, this last point from our letter must also be mentioned:
[W]hile President Abbas makes statements about peace and a two-state solution, Palestine’s teachers and media are educating the children to believe that Israel does not even exist. In fact, the logo of the Permanent Observer Mission of Palestine to the United Nations omits Israel completely from the territory of the former Palestine Mandate, signifying Palestinian refusal to recognise Israel’s legitimate existence.
Let’s be honest, shall we. Palestinian leaders are using the U.N. as a means to get some sort of international recognition while sabotaging direct negotiations with Israel. The sham is over. Many, though hardly enough, in the international community recognize this fact.
That is why we continue to point out these troubling issues to each incoming UNSC President. And that is why we continue to stand strong with Israel in a variety of other ways as well (see here and here, for example).
UPDATE: 08.10.2020: We continue to send a letter each month to the incoming U.N. Security Council President in support of Israel. In fact, we recently sent a letter to the Permanent Representative of Indonesia, who is the Security Council President for the month of August. It is our goal that by updating and informing each incoming U.N. Security Council President (each of whom may not be familiar with the legal intricacies and geopolitical issues that Israel faces on a daily basis) that we can continue to stand with Israel in support of a just and lasting peace. We will continue to keep you updated on any major developments.