This article is co-written by Jordan Sekulow, ACLJ Executive Director.
As you know, we have been working on an international case involving life and death – the case of Youcef Nadarkhani – a Christian pastor in Iran who faces the death penalty because of his faith.
In recent weeks, there have been many confusing reports promoted by Iran on Pastor Youcef’s conviction and death sentence. Let’s set the record straight once and for all. ACLJ attorneys have confirmed the accuracy of this article and the following procedural history of Pastor Youcef’s case with his lawyer, Mohammad Ali Dadkhah.
Pastor Youcef Nadarkhani has been held in an Iranian Prison since 2009 on charges of apostasy, abandoning Islam. He was first tried and convicted in 2010, and sentenced to death by hanging. In November 2010, this ruling was upheld by the 1st Court of the Revolutionary Tribunal. In December 2010, Youcef’s case was referred to Supreme Court in the city of Qom, Iran. On June 12, 2011, the third chamber of the Supreme Court in Qom upheld the apostasy conviction and the death sentence. The Supreme Court stated that Pastor Youcef “has been accused of breaking Islamic Law . . . he was raised a Muslim in a Muslim home . . . [but] he denied the prophecy of Mohammad and the authority of Islam [and] has stated that he is a Christian and no longer Muslim.” While affirming the validity of apostasy mandating death, the Supreme Court provisionally returned the case to the state court of Gilan Section 11 for further investigation as to whether Pastor Youcef was a Muslim between the age of majority (15 years) and the age of his conversion (19 years). The Supreme Court said, “if it can be proved that he was a practicing Muslim as an adult and has not repented, the execution will be carried out.”
On September 25, 2011, the state court of Gilan Section 11 began four days of hearings. On the first day, a panel of five judges stated that Pastor Youcef had abandoned the faith of his ancestors and must face execution unless he repents. During the following three days of hearings, when asked to repent from his Christian faith, Pastor Youcef stated, “Repent means to return. What should I return to? To the blasphemy that I had before my faith in Christ?” The judges replied, “To the religion of your ancestors, Islam.” To which he replied, “I cannot.” The state court of Gilan Section 11 has not issued its written verdict.
Not true: Pastor Youcef is a convicted rapist, Zionist, and national security threat: ACLJ attorneys have confirmed with Mohammad Ali Dadkhah, Pastor Youcef’s lawyer, that the only charge Pastor Youcef faced is apostasy. Apostasy is the only charge mentioned in the Supreme Court’s verdict issued last June. You can view the original verdict written in Farsi here and the English translation of the verdict here. Mr. Dadkhah told media that he “only defended [Youcef] against the death sentence in the case of his charge of apostasy. The charge the court staff announced that I defended during several different court sessions was apostasy and no other charge.” Prosecutors have not brought new charges against Pastor Youcef, despite the Iranian media statements to the contrary.
Not true: The Supreme Court recently granted Pastor Youcef a retrial and annulled his sentence: Statements by government-financed media in Iran have twisted Pastor Youcef’s case to make it appear that the Supreme Court recently granted Pastor Youcef a new trial. According to Mr. Dadkhah, the Supreme Court has not reviewed Pastor Youcef’s case since June 2011, when the third chamber of the Supreme Court in Qom upheld the apostasy conviction and the death sentence, but provisionally returned the case to the state court of Gilan Section 11. The case is presently before the state court, and according to Mr. Dadkhah, the court has asked that the Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Khamenei, offer his opinion on Pastor Youcef’s case. We are awaiting the Supreme Leader’s opinion and the written decision of the state court.
Not true: International attention has not influenced Pastor Youcef’s case: International attention is keeping Pastor Youcef alive. Mr. Dadkhah has specifically requested that the ACLJ engage specific international voices, including the United Nations and Pope Benedict XVI, on behalf of Pastor Youcef. With the case before the Supreme Leader, Mr. Dadkhah said international pressure is essential now more than ever. This Wednesday, exactly two weeks after the ACLJ submitted its request for U.N. Special Rapporteur Ahmed Shaheed to intervene on Pastor Youcef’s behalf, Mr. Shaheed publicly asked before the United Nations’ General Assembly’s third committee for Iran to release Pastor Youcef. We applaud the Special Rapporteur for his report and ask for his continued involvement in Pastor Youcef’s case. We hope that Mr. Shaheed’s comments and findings will spur further action by the international community, which can no longer remain silent about Iran’s abuses.
The fact is that Pastor Youcef’s life still hangs in the balance. And, while we’re encouraged that that international pressure continues to mount to demand that Iran release Pastor Youcef, this is a critical time. Your voice is being heard. Nearly 200,000 Americans have signed on to our petition demanding the release of Pastor Youcef.
Our efforts will continue to provide information about this critical case, keep it in the media spotlight, and do all that we can to ensure that Pastor Youcef is released.
Please keep Pastor Youcef and his family in your prayers. We will continue to keep you updated as we are able.